Studies

Theme planning of Porkuni village and Environmental Impact Assesment (EIA)
SUMMARY

Planning area is partially covered with Porkuni nature reserve which belongs to Natura 2000 network and where Porkuni Lake has its importance in all over the Europe (Directive of nature I extra habitation type 3140- lakes).
Objective of the theme planning and development strategy is to create a vision and spatial plan for Porkuni’s recreation and tourism area.

Collateral interest was to centralise and specialise digital map and details of the different fields of activities in village-life. This information should help to compose development plans and land usage to guarantee sustainable management of the resources.

Need of the theme planning and involved actions came from the initiative of the residents. They would like to transform Porkuni area into attractive tourism area at the same time maintaining and improving the quality of the environment.
Abovementioned objective is supported and confirmed with other existing strategy documents concerning Porkuni.

In parallel of theme planning environmental impact assessment was carried out. EIA experts didn’t focus on different scenarios of developments but were concentrated to elaborate the full plan.

Compiler of the EIA report believes that theme plan (as a voluntary form of planning) must be based on a local initiative, which can assure the implementation success of the planning in future.

Process of EIA and the content of EIA report were built up in a following way:
1) formulated EIA goals for all fields of environment;
2) according to circumstances that area of the planning is situated naturally in very sensitive area with strong environmental requirements and limitations, unsuitable activities were selected out from the initial activities and capacity/ range/ location was changed etc.
3) finally formulated activities of the development were evaluated and clarified from different environmental aspects; relieved and monitoring methods were brought out.

Themes:
1. Limitation areas near Porkuni Lake and Valgejõe River were specified.
2. Regulations of the heritage protection were specified in those objects.
3. Landscape protection areas limited zone, allowed activities were specified.
4. Technical infrastructural possibilities and requirements (what needs to follow in their exploitation) were specified
5. Different impacts to NATURA 2000 area.
6. Social – economic impacts to environment.
7. Waste-management.